The Beginner’s Guide To The Most Popular Coffee Types

Over time, coffee has become increasingly favoured around the city.  It has become an integral part of so many lives, right from being a morning ritual to elevate your mood. Apart from all of this, coffee has become one of the most preferred mediums for connecting people.Don’t you love it? That euphoria the caffeine provides. So It’s basically your best friend. But how well do you know your best friend?Reading through the menu and going through a bunch of different coffee types baffles you: Espresso; Latte; Americano; Mocha; Cappuccino. You’re dumbstruck. And your date is sitting right in front of you. Can’t afford to embarrass yourself, can you?You do not understand what the difference between each one of them is and you keep wondering to yourself in the mind, “Ghar pe toh ek hi coffee hoti hai yaar, Nescafe nai hai kya?”

And finally, when it’s time to give the order, you do not know enough about the different coffee types in order to make the best choice for yourself and become friends with coffee. Trust me, this is not that hard, I’ve been there. Therefore, I, have taken the initiative to bring you a concise, researched and easy go-to guide for coffee. Did you ever notice this coffee machine in a café? That’s the brewing machine which gives you the espresso-based coffees. They are made up of three main ingredients- espresso, steamed milk and foam.The main differences between all the different coffee types are the proportions of espresso, steamed milk and foam within the types 

Let’s take a quick run through all the different coffee types. 


Espresso (ess-PRESS-oh) is a full-flavoured, concentrated and a very rich form of coffee that is served in “shots.” It is made by forcing pressurized, hot water through very finely ground coffee beans. This process is called “pulling a shot.”


The macchiato (mah-key-AH-toe), is similar to an espresso It’s basically an espresso but with a dollop of steamed milk and foam to mellow the harsh taste of an espresso. It’s a good option for those who can’t tolerate a strong espresso but find a cappuccino too weak and milky.


An Americano is an espresso-based drink designed to resemble coffee brewed in a drip filter. This drink consists of a single or double-shot of espresso combined with up to four or five ounces of hot water. It is important to note, that an Americano is created by adding the water to an already extracted espresso, not by extracting extra water through a single espresso puck.

Café Latte

Caffè latte is a coffee-based drink made primarily from espresso and steamed milk. It consists of one-third espresso, two-thirds heated milk and about 1cm of foam. The foam can be poured in such a way to create a picture; the hearts on the top of your coffee is due to the foam.


A cappuccino is similar to a latte. However, the key difference between a latte and cappuccino is that a cappuccino has more foam and chocolate placed on top of the drink.


Mocha is a mix of a cappuccino and a hot chocolate. It is made by putting mixing chocolate powder with an espresso shot and then adding steamed milk and micro-foam into the beverage.

Flat White

A flat white is a coffee you’ll primarily find in Australia and New Zealand. It is made the same as a cappuccino except it does not have any foam or chocolate on top. Like every other language, this is going to be tough in initially but trust me, this is going to make it way easier. The next time you visit a café, ordering and making the best choice for you is not going to be awkward or uncomfortable anymore. No more embarrassing yourself. #Happylife #CoffeeforlifeBecause finally, everyone these days is “Stressed, Dressed and Coffee obsessed.”Mahek Sunja is a bigtime foodie and you can follow her food discoveries her: @thatfoodhogger.  

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